The city of Cusco or Qosqo (Quechua word from which it derives its name) is located in the province and department of Cusco, in the Huatanay River Valley, at south east of the Andes mountain range, in the central and south eastern zone of Peru, at an altitude of 3,400 meters above sea level. The province of Cusco has an extension of 523 km² and the department an extension of 76,225 km², representing 5.9% of the Peruvian territory (1’285,215 Km²).
The “Archeological Capital of America”, or “Navel of the World” (from the Quechua word Qosqo), was once the cultural and religious capital of the Inca universe. Today the city of Cusco is a cosmopolitan city, full of ancestral customs, but at the same time it is also a modern city that receives hundreds of thousands of tourists every year desiring to know and marvel at the Inca culture.
The average annual temperature is 14 ° Celsius and is the most popular tourist destination in Peru and one of the preferred destinations worldwide. The city and its surroundings offer an incredible variety of tourist activities, in places that belong to three different periods of history: pre Inca times, the Inca period and the Spanish viceroyalty.
Cultural activities are abundant; However, tourism is not limited to this type of practice alone. Cusco also offers the opportunity to enjoy its natural beauty, its landscapes and rivers that are surrounded by incredible nature. A short trip from the city will take you into the heart of the Andes where you can enjoy hiking, hiking, rafting tours, horseback riding or just a quiet stroll.
What to see and do in Cusco and its surroundings?
If you travel to Cusco for business or fun, here is a list of places that you should visit and activities that you can do during your stay in the Imperial City.